Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Japanese Encephalitis Symptoms, Treatment, Vaccine Cost, and Prevention Tips in PH

In the past days, a viral infection caused by a type of mosquito has been a hot topic in the social media. Although both the Department of Health (DOH) and the Pediatric Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines (PDISP) has already said that there is no reason for the public to panic over the mosquito-borne disease, some cannot contain the urge to panic.

What is Japanese Encephalitis?

This particular viral infection that is closely related to West Nile encephalitis, dengue and yellow fever is a serious condition which causes the brain of the infected person to swell.  The virus is found in infected pigs and birds. This is passed on to mosquitoes, particularly Culex Tritaeniorhynchus, when they feed on infected animals. These infected mosquitoes’ can then transmit the virus to humans through their bites. This type of mosquito is commonly found in areas where there are wading birds, pig farms, and rice fields. This type of infection is not transferable from person to person.

The World Health Organization said that children below the age of 15 are most vulnerable to the disease, with children younger than four years being nine times more likely to be infected with Japanese encephalitis than older children. About 15 percent of Japanese Encephalitis cases are adult victims.  

Three billion people are at risk from Japanese Encephalitis, According to WHO the average fatality rate of is 3 out of 10 who showed severe symptoms or 1 out of 250 people who have contracted the illness.

Countries affected by JE and recent Japanese Encephalitis cases in Ph

In 1987, the first clinical case of JE was documented in Japan. The country has suffered numerous large outbreaks since then. It quickly spread to other East and Southeast Asian countries. In Korea, the first case of JE occurred in 1933. In China JE cases emerged in 1940. And in the Philippines, as early as 1950’s reports on JE was recorded.

Since 2014, the DOH has been monitoring the illness in five Areas including Regions I, III, VII, XI and the cordillera Administrative Region. Currently there are at least 133 cases of JE recorded between January 1 and August 26 this year. A total of 53 cases was recorded in Central Luzon. There were 9 reports of fatalities; four (4) from Pampanga province, two (2) from Zambales and three (3) were recorded in Pangansinan, Laguna and Nueva Ecija.

The mosquito are most common in rural and agricultural areas and are active during day and night. In urban areas, they go to houses with water storage containers.

Common Symptoms of Japanese Encephalitis

Commonly, most people infected by the Japanese Encephalitis virus have either no symptoms, or mild, short-lived symptoms and most of the times is mistaken for flu. According to the NHS website, this flu like symptoms includes high temperature and headache. However, according to WHO, approximately 1 out of 250 infections will rapidly progress into severe complications as the infection spreads to the brain.  This usually occurs between 5 to 15 days after infection. Symptoms can include:

  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Seizures
  • Changes in personality and behavior
  • Stiff neck
  • Inability or difficulty to speak
  • Uncontrollable shaking of the body parts (tremor)
  • Muscle weakness or paralysis

If you noticed any of the following symptoms, send the patient to the ER immediately.

Where to get treatment for JE in PH

There is no cure for Japanese Encephalitis. Infected individuals who are admitted to hospitals will get treatment which will support the functions of the body while it is trying to fight the infection. They will usually be given fluids, oxygen and medication. According DOH Secretary Ubial, when we get sick or our children develop fever for two days or flu-like symptoms; seek immediate consultation at the nearest health facilities.

How much is the vaccine cost

Although there is no identified cure for Japanese Encephalitis as of the moment, a WHO-recommended vaccine was licensed for use in the Philippines in 2013. It is also a part of the Department of Health’s vaccine program for school-aged children, which are similar to programs in other countries.

According to Sanofi Pasteur, the only company accredited by the Food and Drug Administration to distribute the JE vaccine in the Philippines, the vaccine is administered subcutaneously as a single dose for those 9 months and older. For individuals 9 months to 17 years old, a booster dose is recommended 12 to 14 months after the primary dose.

The DOH estimates the price of each dose between P 2, 000 to P 5, 000. Because of the rise in the need of the vaccine, some individuals are opting to buy the vaccine online. The FDA issued an advisory against buying the vaccine from unauthorized dealers. Dr. Salvador Gatchalian, PIDSP vice president said “There is one licensed brand in the Philippines for the vaccine that is Imojev from Sanofi Pasteur”. He also warned parents that buying the vaccine online could be risky for their children.

How to avoid Japanese Encephalitis

The best way to avoid JE is to get vaccinated, but not everyone can afford the expensive vaccine. If you are one of the many people who cannot afford the vaccine yet, there are preventive measures which might help you avoid acquiring Japanese Encephalitis.

DOH Secretary Ubial identified the following preventive measures:

  • Following the 4-S against Dengue and other mosquito-borne diseases including getting rid of standing water, maintaining environmental cleanliness and eliminating potential breeding places of mosquitoes.
  • Wear protective clothing such as long-sleeves and pants or socks to avoid mosquito bites.
  • Use mosquito nets at night time or even day time
  • Stay in well mosquito protected places like screened homes.
  • Use FDA-approved insect repellents.

According to DOH undersecretary Bayugo, not all who acquired the JE virus develop severe sickness or get sick at all. But that 1 percent who had problems will have cognitive malfunction and a mortality rate of 20 to 30 percent. The Department of Health is planning to include the Japanese Encephalitis vaccine for free in early 2018. But it also emphasized that prevention of the virus, like dengue should focus on the identification and destruction of mosquito breeding sites and environmental cleanliness.

Contributor : R.Corpuz
Image credit : Mental Floss

Monday, September 18, 2017

What's the difference between BJMP and BuCor?

Know the difference between Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP) and Bureau of Corrections (BUCOR).

bmjp versus bucor

Source : BJMP


Those who wants to join the government as soldiers, policemen, firemen, prison guards, coast guards,  Correctional Officers, and Drug Enforcement Office below is  height requirement table for both male and female aspirants:


Bureau of Correction (BuCor) 162 cm 157 cm
Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) 162.5 cm 162.5 cm
Bureau of Jail Management and Penology 162 cm 157 cm
Philippine Air Force (PAF) 152.5 cm 152.5 cm
Philippine Army (PA) 152.5 cm 152.5 cm
Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) 152.5 cm 152.5 cm
Philippine Enforcement Agency ( PDEA) 162.5 cm 162.5 cm
Philippine Military Academy (PMA) 152.4 cm 152.4 cm
Philippine National Police (PNP) 162.5 cm 157.5 cm
Philippine National Police Academy (PNPA) 162.5 cm 157.5 cm
Philippine Navy (PN) / Marines 152.5 cm 152.5 cm

* For PNPA cadet should not be more than 6'4 inches both male and female

* If under height and  member of indigenous peoples or tribal Muslim must  have been issued a Certificate of confirmation or a grantee of height waiver.

August 20, 2017 PMA Entrance Exam Results || List of Passers #PMAEE

FORT DEL PILAR – The Philippine Military Academy (PMA) announced today that 1,475 examinees out of 15,502 (9%) applicants successfully passed the PMA Entrance Examination conducted last August 20, 2017 in 40 testing centers nationwide.

Nine hundred ninety six (996) males and four hundred seventy nine (479) females, made it to the next phase of the selection process for PMA Cadetship which is the Complete Physical Examination (CPE) to be conducted at the Armed Forces of the Philippines Health Service Command (AFPHSC) at V Luna Road, Quezon City.

The qualified PMAEE passers will go through medical, psychological and physical examination to determine their fitness to undergo the four–year military training in the Academy. After the series of examinations, the PMA Cadet Procurement Board will deliberate and select the most qualified candidates to compose PMA Class of 2022 who are expected to report to Philippine Military Academy on April 1, 2018 for the Oath–taking Ceremony and Reception Rites.

Being a PMA cadet gives an individual a noble privilege in serving the country. Upon admission to the Cadet Corps, Armed Forces of the Philippines, one is able to avail of a free college education with a well–rounded curriculum, as well as, receive monthly pay and allowances. After graduating from the Academy, he/she is guaranteed a progressive career as an officer in the Army, Navy or Air Force.

Source : PMA Press Release

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

#WalangPasok : Class Suspensions Wednesday, September 13, 2017 #MaringPh

List of areas where classes have been suspended for Wednesday, September 13, due to Tropical Depression "Maring and "Lanie" effects within Philippine Areas of Responsibility.

Classes were suspended in the following areas so far for Wednesday:


Las Piñas City – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)


Province of Batangas – Pre school to Senior High School
Province of Laguna – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Province of Quezon – Elementary to Secondary only (Public and Private Schools)
Province of Cavite – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
San Mateo, Rizal – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Morong, Rizal – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Tanay, Rizal – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Taytay, Rizal – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Cainta, Rizal – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Rodriguez, Rizal – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Binangonan, Rizal – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Bacoor, Cavite – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)


Zambales (including Olongapo City) – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Guagua, Pampanga – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Floridablanca, Pampanga – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Marilao, Bulacan – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Meycauayan, Bulacan – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)


Daet, Camarines Norte – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Labo, Camarines Norte – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Vinzons, Camarines Norte – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Mercedes, Camarines Norte – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)
San Vicente, Camarines Norte – ALL LEVELS (Public and Private Schools)


University of Santo Tomas – Classes and office work

DepEd Automatic Class Suspension Guidelines

Sources : PTV News | #WalangPasok

Monday, September 11, 2017

#WalangPasok : Class Suspensions Tuesday, September 12, 2017 #MaringPh

List of areas where classes have been suspended for Tuesday, September 12, due to Tropical Depression Maring.

  • Antipolo City
  • Caloocan City
  • Malabon City
  • Mandaluyong City
  • Manila City
  • Marikina City
  • Muntinlupa City
  • Navotas City
  • Parañaque City
  • Pasay City
  • Pasig City
  • Quezon City
  • Tagaytay City
  • Taguig City
  • Valenzuela City

  • Batangas
  • Laguna
  • Rizal
  • Quezon
  • Gen. Trias, Cavite, Kinder to Seniorr HS (private & public)
  •  Imus, Cavite, all levels (private & public)

Schools who declared no classes tomorrow:

  • Far Easter University
  • University of the Philippines - Manila
  • De La Salle University - Manila

Tuesday, September 05, 2017

August 2017 Civil Service Exam CSE-PPT Results || List of Passers

The Civil Service Commission (CSC) is yet to release soon the results of the August 6, 2017 Career Service Examination – Paper and Pencil Test for both Professional and sub-professional levels conducted nationwide at selected testing centers.The list of passers will be posted here by region once available online from CSC.

Professional & Sub-Professional Level Results


As announced by CSC during the examination, the results will be released 41 calendar days after the exam date.With this, the results most likely will be out 3rd week of September 2017.


Last March 2017 Career Service Exam (CSE), a total of 25,090 out of 219,679 examinees passed or an overall passing rate of 11.42%. 21,640 out of 188,528 examinees passed the Professional level while 3,450 out of 31,169 examinees passed in the Subprofessional.


Professional eligibility is needed for appointment to second level (technical) positions in the government, requiring at least a bachelor’s degree for education. The SubProfessional eligibility is applicable to first level (clerical) government positions that require less than four years of college studies. The Professional eligibility may also be used for clerical positions. Both eligibilities, though, cannot be used for positions involving practice of profession and those covered by special laws.

Apart from civil service eligibility and education, CSC clarified that the new eligible applicants must also meet the other basic requirements of experience and training for permanent appointment to a government career service position. Moreover, applicants to government posts may undergo an internal screening process by the agency’s Personnel Selection Board, which may be composed of written tests, interviews, and other processes to determine the most qualified candidate for a vacant position.

To receive more reliable updates about August 2017 Civil Service Exam Results, we encourage you to bookmark this page and don't forget to Like Us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter.

Monday, September 04, 2017


Below is the list of minimum and ceiling recruitment age for the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), Philippine National Police (PNP), Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP), and Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) as of this year, 2017.


Philippine Army (PA)
Enlistment  - At least 17 years old but not a day older than 22 years on 01 April of the year following the date of examination taken
CEISSAFP - 18 to 23 years old upon admission (IT Non-Uniform Personnel)
AFP Reservists - Between 21 to 64 at the time of appointment as reserve officer

Philippine Air force (PAF)
PAF OC – 21 to 29 years old upon admission for training
PAF CS–18 yrs old but not more than 23 upon the date of enlistment

Philippine Navy (PN)
Basic Seaman Course (BSC) - Must be between 18-23 years old
Marine Basic Course (MBC) - Must be between 18-23 years old
Naval Officers Candidate Course - Must be between 21-28 years old


PO1 Applicants - Must not be less than twenty-one (21) nor more than thirty (30) years of age.
Special Action Force (SAF) - Between 21 to 30 years old
Civilian Employee / NUP - at least 21 years old but not more than 30 years old upon oath-taking


Fire Officer 1 - Must not be less than twenty-one (21) nor more than thirty (30) years old on the date of actual assumption of duty/oath of office


Jail Officer 1 - Must not be less than twenty-one (21) nor more than thirty (30) years of age. Provided, that a waiver for age requirement shall be automatically granted to applicants belonging to the cultural communities;


Drug Enforcement Officer 1 - Between 21 to 35 years of age.


NON-OFFICER - 18 to 26 years old
OFFICER - 21 -to 26 years old
PCG Auxiliary Enlisted Rank - 18 years old and above
PCG Auxiliary Officers Rank - 23 years or older

Sources : AFP / PNP / BJMP / PDEA / PNA / PIA

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